Political Science 501. Social Scientific Thinking II.
Tu 2:30 - 5:30, HRZ 126
Professor Richard Stoll
HRZ 120, x3362; stoll at rice dot edu
Mo 1:00 - 1:50
We 11:00 - 11:50
You may also make an appointment to see me or contact me by e-mail. But you are
welcome to stop by my office anytime the door is open. I am always happy to talk
to you about the class, graduate school, or things related to political science.
As a general rule, if you have a question, concern, or even if you are "just
curious," please contact me sooner rather than later.
Introduction and Learning Objectives.
This course is the follow-up to Poli 500. Poli 501 is a methods course, not a Methods course.
That is, 501 takes a broad look the research process,
while courses such as 505 focus on the "technical" side of research. Of course these
two things are not completely distinct so although there will be no problem sets in this course you
will see connections between what you do in 501 and your Methods and substantive courses.
Quoting from the spring 2013 501 syllabus "By the end of the semester, students should have a more
sophisticated understanding of the logic of inquiry and also be proficient in reading, interpreting,
and evaluating research reports and studies found in academic journals and books. In addition,
students should be able to design their own study to investigate a research question of their
choosing." But please understand that becoming a good researcher is not something that happens
after you successfully complete a series of courses. It is something that you must work on you entire career.
An Overview of Your Obligations
- Students are expected to have read all of the assigned readings before the
beginning of the seminar and, thus, be able to participate in class discussions.
Each student must be an active participant in the seminar. I cannot
overemphasize the importance of consistent and meaningful seminar participation.
Note that participation is 20% of your grade in the course.
- Throughout the semester students will be required to do written
assignments. The nature of the written work will vary as to the topic under
discussion changes. These papers are due via email (stoll at rice dot edu)
by 8:00 p.m. on the Sunday before class. Please use your last name, followed
by your first initial and your middle initial as the filename.
Unless you have a verified excuse, papers arriving after the deadline will not
be given full credit.
- Students will be required to make presentations to the class. Sometimes,
but not always, these presentations will be based on your written work.
Presentations are different from normal class participation. You will be told
about presentations ahead of time.
- Sometimes students may have to work together. By default, all students in the group
will receive the same grade on that piece of work. It is not always possible
to divide the work exactly evenly. But if you feel that a student has shirked
her/his responsibilities, contact me immediately. If I decide that someone
has failed her/his obligations I reserve the right to give that person a lower grade.
I would note that shirking in a professional context (i.e., letting down your co-authors)
is a really good way to make yourself an outcast in the profession.
Components of Your Final Grade.
Your research proposal does not have to include analysis of
actual data, but you can do this. If you do not conduct actual analysis you will have to create
"fake" data to demonstrate what you would expect to find if your hypotheses were supported. The
proposal will be broken up into chunks, with different chunks being due at different times
during the semester. You should identify a faculty mentor in the substantive area of your proposal
who can help you develop it. It is also possible to use a proposal or research
paper from another course you are taking this semester. But both myself and the faculty
member teaching the other course must sign off on this. At the end of the semester there will
be a poster session showcasing the proposals.
If you have a documented disability that may affect academic performance, you should:
Contact information for the Disability Resource Center:
- Make sure this documentation is on file with the Disability Resource Center;
- Meet with Disability Resource Center personnel to discuss your accommodation needs;
- Meet with your professor/instructor to discuss implementing your accommodations.
- Phone (main): 713-348-5841
- TDD: dial 711 or 800-735-2988
- Fax: 713-348-5888
- E-mail: adarice AT rice DOT edu
There are no required texts for the course. If you have a strong interest in a
particular topic, come talk to me and I may be able to suggest one or more books that
you should read.
The course syllabus is a work in progress. Please note that I reserve the right to
add or delete readings as the semester progresses. Readings that are not otherwise
easily available (e.g., via the library's online resources) can be obtained from me.
You are responsible for finding and retrieving materials that are online.
Rice has an Honor System. The Honor System
places a great deal of trust -- but
also responsibility -- on the student. All graded work in this course is covered by
the Honor System. In each case I will explain what limitations and restrictions you
should observe in order to comply with the Honor System. But there may be times
when my explanations are incomplete or you do not understand what I have said. The
best way to avoid any potential problems with the Honor System is this: if you
ever have any questions about how the Honor Code applies to anything in this course,
contact me before you start to do the work that you have questions about. Following the
Honor Code is not simply something that applies to graduate
school at Rice. In the profession of political science, if you do anything that would be an
Honor Code violation at Rice this would most probably end your career.
Jan. 14. Introduction
The first class will not last 3 hours. I will discuss what we will accomplish
in the class and we will do a few other things.
Jan. 21. Library Tour.
Due in Class: First Presentation.
Review a research paper you have written. You will present the paper for 8 minutes.
You should spend about half your time describing the paper. You should
discuss: (a) three things you took away from your paper; (b) three things you would change about your paper
(i.e. if you had to start over, what would you do differently?).
- Elster, Jon. 1989. Nuts and Bolts for Social Sciences. Cambridge, UK. Cambridge University Press. Chapter 1.
- Goertz, Gary, and James Mahoney. 2012. A Tale of Two Cultures: Qualitative and Quantitative
Research in the Social Sciences. Princeton, N.J.: Princeton University Press. Chapter 1.
- King, G., Keohane, R. O., & Verba, S. 1994. Designing social inquiry: scientific inference in qualitative research. Princeton, N.J.:
Princeton University Press. Chapters 1 and 3.
- Weaver, W. 1948. Science and Complexity. American Scientist, 36(4), 536–544.
Jan. 28. Data: Caveat Emptor.
- Soviet Military Expenditures
- Berkowitz, Daniel M., and Joseph S. Berliner. 1993. An Evaluation of the CIA's Analysis of Soviet Economic
Performance, 1970-90. Comparative Economic Studies (Association for Comparative Economic Studies) 35 (2): 33. ** Read
beginning at Measures and Comparisons of Soviet Defense Expenditures (p. 41) until Interpretive Reporting (p. 50). **
- Economic data on gays
- "Freakonomics Are Gay Men Really Rich? A New Freakonomics Radio Podcast." 2013.
- Reyes, Emily Alpert. 2014. Do "Jokesters" Distort Research on Gay Youth? Los Angeles Times, January 3.
Read the piece on Soviet military expenditures
the 3 pieces on polling data, the 2 pieces on Nigeria (in the section on African economic data),
the 2 pieces under Reinhart and Rogoff, and the article by Dafoe.
- Polling data
- Silver, Nate. 2009. Strategic Vision Polls Exhibit Unusual Patterns, Possibly Indicating Fraud.
https://fivethirtyeight.com/features/strategic-vision-polls-exhibit-unusual/ (Accessed January 19, 2018).
- Silver, Nate. 2009. Comparison Study: Unusual Patterns in Strategic Vision Polling Data Remain Unexplained. FiveThirtyEight.
https://fivethirtyeight.com/features/comparison-study-unusual-patterns-in/ (Accessed January 19, 2018).
- Silver, Nate. 2016. Why FiveThirtyEight Gave Trump A Better Chance Than Almost Anyone Else. FiveThirtyEight.
https://fivethirtyeight.com/features/why-fivethirtyeight-gave-trump-a-better-chance-than-almost-anyone-else/ (Accessed January 19, 2018).
- African Economic Data
- Gundan, Farai. 2014. Kenya Joins Africa's Top 10 Economies After Rebasing Of Its Gross
Domestic Product (GDP). Forbes. http://www.forbes.com/sites/faraigundan/2014/10/01/kenya-joins-africas-top-10-economies-after-rebasing-of-its-gross-domestic-product/ (October 7, 2014).
- Jerven, Morten. 2010. The Relativity of Poverty and Income: How Reliable Are African
Economic Statistics? African Affairs 109(434): 77-96.
- Keating, Joshua. 2014. Is Nigeria Africa's Biggest Economy Now? Maybe!
Slate. http://www.slate.com/blogs/the_world_/2014/04/08/gdp_revised_up_way_up_is_nigeria_africa_s_biggest_economy_now_maybe.html (April 10, 2014).
- Nigeria's GDP Rebase Illustrates Challenge for Many Developing Countries.
http://pardee.du.edu/news/nigerias-gdp-rebase-illustrates-challenge-many-developing-countries (April 24, 2014).
- Reinhart and Rogoff
- Reinhart, Carmen M, and Kenneth S Rogoff. 2010. Growth in a Time of Debt. American Economic Review 100(2): 573-78.
- Konczal, Mike. 2013. Researchers Finally Replicated Reinhart-Rogoff, and There Are Serious Problems. Roosevelt Institute. http://rooseveltinstitute.org/researchers-finally-replicated-reinhart-rogoff-and-there-are-serious-problems/ (December 29, 2015).
- Civil Wars
- Sambanis, Nicholas. 2004. "What Is Civil War? Conceptual and Empirical Complexities of an
Operational Definition." The Journal of Conflict Resolution 48(6): 814-858.
- Chinese Data Issues
- ChinaPower. (2015, December 28). What does China really spend on its military?
Retrieved March 11, 2017, from http://chinapower.csis.org/military-spending/
- Sinoinsider. (2018, January 14). Risk Watch: What it Means When Two Chinese Provinces Admit to Faking Data.
Retrieved January 18, 2018,
- Dafoe, Allan. 2014. Science Deserves Better: The Imperative to Share Complete Replication Files.
PS: Political Science & Politics 47(01): 60-66.
Written Assignment. There are 2 parts to the written assignment.
- Using the Penn World Tables plot Pakistan's real GDP
(Gross Domestic Product) from 1965 through 1985. Note: there are several websites that will allow
you to access to these data. They may not all have the same version. That is OK as long as you
indicate which version you are using and include a complete citation to the site.
In your assignment, print it out (be sensible about
the number of decimal places). How would you characterize the growth rate in that time period?
Feel free to break the overall time period into multiple time periods. You must justify why you created
subperiods (I assume you are not an expert on Pakistan but you need to have some rationale for your decision).
- Find the replication dataset for a published article. Replicate the results. Describe what you
had to do to replicate the results. You can pick any replication dataset you want but it might
be useful for you to find a replication dataset related to the research you will do in this class.
Feb. 4. Research Design.
Written Assignment. There are 2 parts to your next written assignment.
- Frankfort-Nachmias, Chava and David Nachmias. Ch. 5. Research Designs: Experiments.
Research Methods in the Social Sciences. 7th Edition. New York. Worth Publishers. pp. 87-112.
- Frankfort-Nachmias, Chava and David Nachmias. Ch. 6. Research Designs:
Cross-Sectional and Quasi-Experimental Designs. Research Methods in the Social Sciences.
7th Edition. New York. Worth Publishers. pp. 113-136.
- Labaree, Robert V. Research Guides: Organizing Your Social Sciences Research Paper: Types of Research Designs.
- Meier, Paul. 1972. The Biggest Public Health Experiment Ever:
The 1954 Field Trial of the Salk Poliomyelitis Vaccine. In Statistics: A Guide to the Unknown, 2-13.
San Franciso, CA: Holden-Day. http://www.medicine.mcgill.ca/epidemiology/hanley/c622/salk_trial.pdf
- Small, Melvin, and J. David Singer. 1976. The War-Proneness of Democratic Regimes, 1816-1965.
The Jerusalem Journal of International Relations 1 (4): 50-69.
- Find an article that uses a research design discussed in chapter 5 or chapter 6 of
Frankfort-Nachmias and Nachmias. Describe the design. How could you improve on it?
- Prepare a 1/2 page summary of your research proposal. This should be a brief description of the
topic. It can be something that you are working on for another class or an extension
of a previous research project. If you will be using it for another class, you need
to tell me the name of the class and you need to get the OK from the other faculty
member. If it is an extension of a previous research project you need to give
me a copy of the earlier paper.
Presentation. Your are to give a brief presentation of your research
project to the class. The presentation can last no more than 5 minutes (you
will be timed). You are also expected to ask at least 2 questions or comments
about the other presentations (the questions/comments can be about the same
presentation or about 2 different presentations).
Feb. 11. Quasi-Experimental Design and Techniques.
Find at least six references for your research proposal. If you are following up a previous paper
you must find six new references. Write an outline of the literature review based on these six (or more)
items. You need to find the most effect organization scheme for your references.
- Frankfort-Nachmias, Chava and David Nachmias. Ch. 8. Sampling and Sample Designs.
Research Methods in the Social Sciences. 7th Edition. New York. Worth Publishers. pp. 161-186.
- Campbell, Donald T., and H. Laurence Ross. 1968. The Connecticut Crackdown On Speeding: Time-Series Data
in Quasi-Experimental Analysis. Law and Society Review 3,1: 33-53.
- Gerber, Elisabeth R., and Daniel J. Hopkins. 2011. When Mayors Matter: Estimating the Impact of
Mayoral Partisanship on City Policy. American Journal of Political Science 55,2: 326-39.
- Zuckerman, Ilene H. et al. 2006. Application of Regression-Discontinuity Analysis in Pharmaceutical Health Services Research.
Health Services Research 41(2): 550–63.
You will have 5 minutes to present your references. Emphasize the organization scheme, not the
details of the individual references.
Feb. 18. Vocal Data, Field Research, Elite Surveys.
Guest Speakers: Diane O'Brien and Matthew Hayes.
- Vocal Data
- Dietrich, Bryce J., Matthew Hayes, and Diana Z. O’Brien. 2019. Pitch Perfect: Vocal Pitch and the Emotional Intensity of Congressional Speech.
American Political Science Review 113(4): 941–62.
- Dietrich, Bryce J., Jeffery J. Mondak, and Tarah Williams. nd.
Using the Audio from Telephone Surveys for Political Science Research Note: this is a pdf.
- Field Research
- Fenno, Richard F. 2003 [original 1978]. Appendix. Notes on Method: Participant Observation.
Home Style: House Members in Their Districts. New York. Longman. pp. 249-295.
- Sampson, Robert J., and Stephen W. Raudenbush. 1999. Systematic Social Observation of Public Spaces:
A New Look at Disorder in Urban Neighborhoods. American Journal of Sociology 105 (3)
(November 1): 603-651. doi:10.1086/210356
- Schendelen, M.P.C.M. Van. 1984. Interviewing Members of Parliament. Political Methodology 10 (3) (January 1): 301–321. doi:10.2307/25791233.
- Elite Surveys
- Hoffmann-Lange, U. (1987). Surveying national elites in the Federal Republic of Germany.
In Research Methods for Elite Studies. Moyser, George and Margaret Wagstaffe (ed.).
London, UK: Allen and Unwin.
Retrieved from http://www.uni-bamberg.de/fileadmin/uni/fakultaeten/sowi_professuren/politische_systeme/Publikationen/Surveying_the_national_Elites_in_the_Federal_Republic_of_Germany.pdf
- Describe the data that you will use in your paper. If some or all of the data are from an existing source
write a (short) paragraph that describes the source. If a link to the dataset exists, include it.
If some or all of the data have been (or will be) collected by you include a paragraph about this. Also
include the date by which you believe you will have collected all of the data (note: if you have already
collected all your data make this clear). Could you have produced descriptive statistics for the data
(if you have more than one major source of data answer this question for each source)?
Feb. 25. Surveys and Matching
Guest speaker: Bob Stein.
- To survey or not?
- Converse, Jean M. 2009. Ch. 4. The Prewar Years: Academic Entrepreneurs and
Survey/Poll Data. in Survey Research in the United States: Roots and Emergence 1890-1960. New York. Rutledge, pp. 131-161.
- Dillman, Don A., Jolene D. Smyth, and Leah Christian. 2014. Ch. 1. Sample Surveys in Our
Electronic World. in Internet, Phone, Mail, and Mixed-mode Surveys: The Tailored Design Method.
Hoboken, New Jersey. Wiley, pp. 1-18. Note: the order of the pages is from the end to the beginning of the chapter.
- Who to survey, sampling and types of errors in surveys
- Writing questions and questionnaires
- Zaller, John and Stanley Feldman. 1992. A Simple Theory of the Survey Response: Answering Questions versus Revealing Preferences.
American Journbal of Political Science 36,3: 579-616.
- Arceneaux, Kevin, Alan S. Gerber, and Donald P. Green. 2010. A Cautionary Note
on the Use of Matching to Estimate Causal Effects: An Empirical Example Comparing
Matching Estimates to an Experimental Benchmark. Sociological Methods & Research 39 (2): 256–82.
- Eggers, Andrew C., and Jens Hainmueller. 2009. MPs for Sale? Returns to Office in
Postwar British Politics. The American Political Science Review 103,4 (November 1): 513–533. doi:10.2307/27798523.
- Kam, Cindy D., and Carl L. Palmer. 2008. Reconsidering the Effects of Education on Political
Participation. The Journal of Politics 70,03: 612–631. doi:10.1017/S0022381608080651.
- King, Gary, and Richard Nielsen. 2019. Why Propensity Scores Should Not Be Used for Matching.
Political Analysis 27(4): 435–54. https://gking.harvard.edu/files/gking/files/pan1900011_rev.pdf
- Stuart, Elizabeth A. 2010. Matching Methods for Causal Inference: A Review and a Look Forward.
Statistical Science 25 (1): 1–21.
- Here is some matching software for R:
- Here is some matching software for Stata:
||Location or Command to Install
||ssc install nnmatch
||ssc install psmatch2
- Use two pieces of matching software in either R or Stata (note: you are free to use matching software
in Stata or R that is not listed above).
Find a dataset (the best choice would be a dataset you have used
before or one that you intend to use
for a paper this semester -- including Poli 501).
Describe what you did; i.e, how exactly did you do the matching using both matching packages.
Did you have any problems? What differences
are there between your original dataset and the two matched datasets? If there are differences how do you
account for them?
You do not "lose points"
if you are not successful in your matching. The purpose of the exercise is to give you
some experience with matching and to share this with the rest of the class. Be sure to check covariate balance
before and after matching.
Mar. 3. Experiments, Cross Level and Ecological Inference
Guest speaker: Rick Wilson.
- Kanthak, Kristin, and Jonathan Woon. 2015. Women Don't Run? Election Aversion and Candidate Entry.
American Journal Of Political Science 59, 3: 595-612.
- Findley, Michael, Daniel L. Nielson, and J. C. Sharman. 2015. Causes of Non-Compliance with International Law: A Field
Experiment on Anonymous Incorporation. American Journal Of Political Science 59,1: 146-161.
- Mullinix, Kevin J, Thomas J Leeper, James N Druckman, and Jeremy Freese. 2015. The Generalizability of Survey Experiments.
Journal of Experimental Political Science 2,2: 109-138.
- Munger, Kevin. 2017. Tweetment Effects on the Tweeted: Experimentally Reducing Racist Harassment. Political Behavior 39,3: 629-649.
- Cross Level and Ecological Inference
- Duch, Raymond M., and Randy Stevenson. 2005. Context and the Economic Vote: A Multilevel Analysis.
Political Analysis 13 (4) (October 1): 387–409. doi:10.2307/25791824.
- Huber, Chuck. 2013a. Multilevel Linear Models in Stata, Part 1: Components of Variance. The Stata Blog.
http://blog.stata.com/2013/02/04/multilevel-linear-models-in-stata-part-1-components-of-variance/ (December 26, 2014).
** Note: the Stata command xtmixed has been renamed to mixed. **
- Huber, Chuck. 2013b. Multilevel Linear Models in Stata, Part 2: Longitudinal Data. The Stata Blog.
http://blog.stata.com/2013/02/18/multilevel-linear-models-in-stata-part-2-longitudinal-data/ (December 26, 2014).
** Note: the Stata command xtmixed has been renamed to mixed. **
- Subramanian, S. V., Jones, K., Kaddour, A., & Krieger, N. (2009). Revisiting Robinson:
The perils of individualistic and ecologic fallacy. International Journal of Epidemiology,
38(2), 342–360. https://doi.org/10.1093/ije/dyn359
- Weldon, Steven A. 2006. The Institutional Context of Tolerance for Ethnic Minorities:
A Comparative, Multilevel Analysis of Western Europe. American Journal of Political
Science 50 (2) (April 1): 331–349. doi:10.2307/3694276.
- Do a multilevel analysis. Conduct a multilevel analysis on a set of variables (the best choice for a dataset
would be one you have used before or one that you intend to use for a paper this semester -- including Poli 501).
Write a report that discusses (a) what you found and (b) any particular difficulties, problems, etc. that you
had performing the analysis. The report should be 2-4 pages. I may ask you if you had any difficulties and/or
what you learned from doing the analysis.
- Prepare a report on the current status of your 501 project. The report should be about 2 pages long. I may ask
you to give a brief summary of the report (depending on the amount of time we have).
Mar. 10. Formal Theory and Simulation
- Formal Theory.
- Kilgour, D. Marc. Prospects for Conflict Management: A Game-Theoretic Analysis.
In Maoz, Zeev, Alex Mintz, T. Clifton Morgan, Glenn Palmer and Richard J. Stoll (ed.) 2004.
Multiple Paths to Knowledge in International Relations:
Methodology in the Study of Conflict Management and Conflict Resolution. Lexington Books, pp. 73-94.
- Lave, Charles A., and James G. March. 1975. An Introduction to Models in the Social Sciences.
New York: Harper and Row. chapter one. what we are up to, pp. 1-7.
- Lave, Charles A., and James G. March. 1975. An Introduction to Models in the Social Sciences
New York: Harper and Row. chapter two. an introduction to speculation, pp. 9-49.
- Powell, Robert. 1999. In the
Shadow of Power. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.
The Role of Formal Models. Part of ch. 1. States and Strategies, pp. 23-39.
- Axelrod, Robert. 1980. Effective Choice in the Prisoner’s Dilemma. The Journal of Conflict
Resolution 24 (1) (March 1): 3–25.
- Cederman, Lars-Erik, and Kristian Skrede Gleditsch. 2004.
Conquest and Regime Change: An Evolutionary Model of the Spread of Democracy and Peace.
International Studies Quarterly 48(3): 603–29.
- Rauch, Jonathan. 2002.
Seeing Around Corners. The Atlantic, April 2002
Be sure to "play" the simulations;
you will need a program that can
play .mov files.
- de Marchi, Scott, and Scott E. Page. 2014. Agent-Based Models. Annual Review of Political Science 17(1): 1–20.
- Siegel, David A. 2018. Analyzing Computational Models. American Journal of Political Science 62(3): 745–59.
- Stoll, Richard J. 2008. Was Leo Durocher right? Do "nice states" finish last? In Glenn Palmer (ed.),
Causes and Consequences of International Conflict: Data, methods and theory. New York. Routledge, pp. 165-185.
- GDP is commonly used in international relations as a measure of power. But
GDP data are not available prior to World War II for most countries. A number of studies
use commercial energy consumption as a substitute (these data are available all the way
back to 1816). But is commercial energy consumption a good substitute? That is what you
will consider in this assignment. Do the following:
- Use Gleditsch's GDP data which is available at http://ksgleditsch.com/exptradegdp.html.
- Use the Correlates of War Project energy data which available at http://www.correlatesofwar.org/data-sets
- Using regression, predict GDP from commercial energy consumption.
- Assess the fit of the data.
- Look to see which countries are not well-predicted. Is there a pattern to the mis-predictions?
Mar. 17 ** Spring Break. No Class. **
Mar. 31. Big Data, Social Media
- Big Data
- Anderson, Chris. 2008. The End of Theory: The Data Deluge Makes the Scientific Method Obsolete.
- Requarth, Tim. 2020. Please, Let’s Stop the Epidemic of Armchair Epidemiology.
- Symposium: Big Data, Causal Inference, and Formal Theory: Contradictory Trends in Political Science?
PS: Political Science & Politics. 2015. 48,1: 65-106.
- Social Media.
- Aday, Sean et al. 2012. Blogs and Bullets II: New Media and Conflict after the Arab Spring. United States Institute of Peace.
http://www.usip.org/publications/blogs-and-bullets-ii-new-media-and-conflict-after-the-arab-spring (September 14, 2015).
Full text at https://www.usip.org/sites/default/files/PW80.pdf
- Bond, Robert, and Solomon Messing. 2015. Quantifying Social Media’s Political Space: Estimating Ideology from Publicly Revealed Preferences on Facebook.
American Political Science Review 109(1): 62–78.
- Chen, Zhouhan, Rima S. Tanash, Richard Stoll, and Devika Subramanian. 2017. Hunting Malicious Bots on Twitter: An Unsupervised Approach.
In Social Informatics, Lecture Notes in Computer Science, Springer, Cham, p. 501–510. https://link.springer.com/chapter/10.1007/978-3-319-67256-4_40.
Full text is here
- King, Gary, Jennifer Pan, and Margaret Roberts. 2014. Reverse-Engineering Censorship in China: Randomized Experimentation and Participant Observation.
- Lazer, David, Ryan Kennedy, Gary King, and Alessandro Vespignani. 2014. Google Flu Trends Still Appears Sick:
An Evaluation of the 2013-2014 Flu Season. http://gking.harvard.edu/files/gking/files/ssrn-id2408560_2.pdf
- MacWilliams, Matthew C. 2015. Forecasting Congressional Elections Using Facebook Data. PS: Political Science & Politics 48(04): 579–83.
- Do one piece of empirical analysis for your paper. It is not required that this analysis be
in the final version of the paper. But it should be something that -- for now -- you want to include.
Apr. 7. Biopolitics, Visualization, and Text Analysis
Guest speaker: John Alford.
- Aarøe, L., Petersen, M. B., Arceneaux, K. 2017. The behavioral immune system shapes political intuitions:
Why and how individual differences in disgust sensitivity underlie opposition to immigration.
American Political Science Review, 111,2: 277–294
- Cichocka, Aleksandra et al. 2016. On the Grammar of Politics—or Why Conservatives Prefer Nouns. Political Psychology.
Or try here.
- Helzer, Erik G., and David A. Pizarro. 2011. Dirty Liberals! Reminders of Physical Cleanliness Influence Moral and
Political Attitudes. Psychological Science 22(4): 517–22.
- Inbar, Yoel, David Pizarro, Ravi Iyer, and Jonathan Haidt. 2012. Disgust Sensitivity, Political Conservatism, and Voting.
Social Psychological and Personality Science 3(5): 537–44. Or try here.
- Kanai, Ryota, Tom Feilden, Colin Firth, and Geraint Rees. 2011. Political Orientations Are Correlated with
Brain Structure in Young Adults. Current Biology 21(8): 677–80.
- Oxley, D. R., K. B. Smith, J. R. Alford, M. V. Hibbing, J. L. Miller, M. Scalora, P. K. Hatemi,
and J. R. Hibbing. 2008. Political Attitudes Vary with Physiological Traits. Science 321 (5896): 1667–70
- Ray, Travis N., and Michele R. Parkhill. 2020. Heteronormativity, Disgust Sensitivity, and Hostile Attitudes
toward Gay Men: Potential Mechanisms to Maintain Social Hierarchies. Sex Roles.
- Smith, Kevin B. et al. 2011. Disgust Sensitivity and the Neurophysiology of Left-Right Political Orientations. PLOS ONE 6(10): e25552.
Or try here.
- Kastellec, Jonathan P., and Eduardo L. Leoni. 2007. Using Graphs Instead of Tables in Political Science.
Perspectives on Politics 5(4): 755–71.
- Tufte, Edward R. 1983. Ch. 5. Chartjunk: Vibrations, Grids, and Ducks. The Visual Display of Quantitative Information.
Cheshire, CT: Graphics Press, pp. 107-122. ** Note: the link is to the entire book; just read ch. 5. **
- Wainer, Howard. 1984. How to Display Data Badly. The American Statistician 38(2): 137–47.
- Text Analysis
- Selected articles from Recent Innovations in Text Analysis for Social Science. Political Analysis
Virtual Issue 10.
- articles by Harris and Lucas et al.
- Take the analysis you did for last week's class and do two visualizations of it.
Do you think that the visualizations made your results clearer?
- Write a memo that details where you are on your 501 project and what work remains.
I realize that some of you may not have made that much progress on this project because
of work for other courses, RA stuff, etc. That's fine but I want an honest assessment
of where you are. I may ask you to talk about this to the class.
Apr. 14. Indexes and Scaling
Indexes and Scaling
- Benoit, Kenneth, and Michael Laver. 2006. Automated Content Analysis of Political Texts
Using Wordscores. The Organized Section in Comparative Politics of the American Political Science Association Newsletter 17(1): 6-9.
- Coombs, Clyde H., Robyn M. Dawes, and Amos Tversky. 1970. Mathematical Psychology; an Elementary Introduction. Englewood Cliffs, N.J.: Prentice-Hall.
Ch. 3. Scaling and Data Theory, pp. 31-76.
This is a .pdf document.
- Focus on the theory of data, Guttman scaling and unfolding theory... just skim the rest.
- Frankfort-Nachmias, Chava and David Nachmias. Ch. 18. Index Construction and Scaling Methods.
7th Edition. New York. Worth Publishers. pp. 414-432. Available here. Note: this is PDF document.
- Martin, Lanny W. 2004. The Government Agenda in Parliamentary Democracies. American Journal
of Political Science 48 (3) (July 1): 445-461. doi:10.1111/ajps.2004.48.issue-3, 10.1111/j.0092-5853.2004.00080.x.
- Rothman, Steven B. 2007. Understanding Data Quality through Reliability: A Comparison of Data Reliability
Assessment in Three International Relations Datasets. International Studies Review 9 (3): 437-456.
- Produce a codebook for your dataset. A codebook provides a complete description of all the
variables in a dataset. A couple of links that may help you are:
- Data and Statistical Services. Princeton University. How to Use a Codebook.
- ICPSR. "What Is a Codebook?" ICPSR. Find & Analyze Data.
Apr. 21. Qualitative Methods, Preliminary Poster Presentation
- Qualitative Methods
Chapters 1-4 from Goertz, Gary, and James Mahoney. 2012. A Tale of Two Cultures:
Qualitative and Quantitative Research in the Social Sciences. Princeton, N.J.: Princeton University Press.
- Information on Designing Posters.
- Produce a preliminary version of your poster. It does not have
to be complete but do the best you can. You should indicate what additional
elements you will add to the poster in the final version. You should
display the poster on the screen in the seminar room.
- Give a 3 minute talk. The talk should be a response to the comment "Tell me a bit about
- Write a memo that describes the work you have left to do to finish your paper. You should include a tentative timetable.